Family History, Public School History

Mrs Peerman’s Memorial Garden

The next time you go walking around Kandos, turn into Dangar Street and stroll past the school. You’ll see a somewhat corroded memorial plaque for Mrs E Peerman, Kandos Primary School teacher from 1923 to 1961. The plaque suggests that where it stands was once a garden. It is now grass and a line of trees on the other side of an intimidating steel fence.

The plaque pricked my curiosity when I first saw it. 38 years is a long time at a single school. Was the plaque put there in appreciation of Mrs Peerman’s long service? Was she in fact the longest serving teacher the school has had? What more did she contribute? In other words, what is her story?

It’s amazing what you can find out on Trove on-line newspapers (a project of the National Library of Australia), about an ordinary teacher, who lived half a century ago in a small town. I discovered a woman who enjoyed her school and community. She worked hard for her church (St Lawrence’s Church of England), played the piano at numerous socials, dances and school concerts, organised many of those concerts, as well as bazaars and pageants, played the organ at church, was a founding member and secretary of Kandos Red Cross, was president of Kandos Hospital Auxiliary and was a skilled golfer and member of Kandos Golf Club.

Trove also revealed some of the crises in her life. Several times, early in her marriage, she was seriously ill in Rylstone and Lewisham hospitals. In 1937, to her embarrassment I expect, her husband John and brother-in-law Herbert Jackson had to front Kandos Police Court charged with tote betting (SP bookies). They were fined £5 each or 10 days imprisonment with hard labour. In 1942 Edna received news that their son Jack was missing in action, only to learn, with great relief a year later, that he was a prisoner of war (I use the word relief because no one knew at that stage the terrible conditions at Changi where he ended up).

A dip into NSW births, deaths and marriages added some more to the life of Edna Peerman. On 3 March 1917, in the shadow of World War 1, Edna Helene Williams a 22-year-old school teacher and daughter of a draper in Holbrook, married Jack Peerman, 25, a farmer from a line of farmers near Rylstone. They chose to get married at St Alban’s Church of England in Golden Grove (which I discovered was a suburb in the municipality of Redfern that no longer exists).

Like many local farmers and farm workers, Jack Peerman was seduced by the sprouting cement industry at Kandos and ended up spending the rest of his working life there (a combined 44 years in the factory and colliery, according to Wallis and Fleming). They produced two children John and Marie and in August 1922 Edna was appointed to Kandos public school. (By the way you might have noticed that the plaque is not quite correct)

So, where to from there? I couldn’t finish her story without at least a short search of Kandos Public School records in State Archives at Penrith. With tantalising results. Tantalising in the sense that they brought me closer to the real Edna Peerman but reminded me that historical research will never bring one close enough.

Those records took me into her classroom, where I discovered myself (all of the activities were familiar) – reading the school magazine, doing dictation, writing a composition (“A Picnic”), reciting times tables, solving arithmetic problems (a loaf of bread cost 5 pence, what does half a loaf cost?), writing in figures (one thousand one hundred and eleven), learning grammar (saw/seen), discovering Dick Whittington and Francis Drake. I was reminded of words on report cards like careless, inattentive, untidy, good work, slight improvement, trying hard. I felt again the stress and anxiety of being in a class of 30 4th Class girls and boys trying to get things right. I was surprised to learn that in one of Edna’s classes, ages ranged from 7 years to 11 years. That’s because in those days children were often made to repeat a class. Lined up in Mrs Peerman’s classes were many familiar Kandos names including Sharrock, Norris, Kerney, Bayliss, George, Windle, Large.

The state records also took me into the day-to-day life of a teacher who was also a mother and housekeeper. It was a time when leave, for example in Edna’s case, to attend a brother’s wedding or look after a sick father, was not paid. Sick leave was restricted to two weeks full pay even if an operation kept you in hospital and home for six weeks, as it did for Edna. And if your doctor diagnosed your son with scarlet fever and ordered you to stay away from school for eight weeks under threat of prosecution, then the Department of Education would certainly resist paying you, on grounds the doctor was overstepping the mark.

Edna Peerman resigned from teaching in June 1961 at the age of 65. A function was held in Kandos Community Hall where she was presented with a Testimonial, in appreciation of her “outstanding service and citizenship”. She also received a “beautiful clock and a handbag of notes”. Speakers included the local MP, district school inspector, headmaster and shire president. Six months later her obituary appeared in the Mudgee Guardian and probably soon after that, the memorial garden and plaque were installed. One can’t help wondering if she resigned because she was ill.

I haven’t yet found a photo of Edna Peerman to post. Perhaps you have one or know of one?

Memorial Plaque (photo by author)

12 thoughts on “Mrs Peerman’s Memorial Garden”

  1. Mrs Peerman taught me in 1951, 1952 and 1954. When I was in the Children’s Hosptal for some of 1952 she used to write to me and always enclosed a stamped self addressed envelope so I could write back to her. She was a wonderful teacher and was loved by all those she taught. When I came home from University for the holidays in 1961 I went to see her. She was very ill. As I recall she had leukaemia. She was a great friend of my mothers.


      1. Colleen. There is photo of her in a little booklet published in 1974 for the Centenary of the Kandos Public School.

        It is on page 29 of the booklet and she is in the front row sitting next to Marg Taylor. The school may have a copy of the booklet.


      2. Thank you Lesley. I will chase that up. I am having coffee with the librarian next week. And I will also check my own shelves. I might have that publication. In Sydney at the moment enjoying our first and only grandchild. Colleen


  2. What a great summary of Mrs Peerman. My mother and three of her brothers attended the school during 1942 & 1943 when she was about seven/eight. Their surname was Thew and they lived close to the Kandos pub in Angus St. The Thew family also has strong connections with the Rylstone from about the late 1850s.


  3. Good morning Colleen….My name is John Peerman and I am the only grandson to Edna and son to her son John. My sister Helen and I will chase up our records for a photograph if you still want one.


      1. Hi Colleen There is a photo of Mrs Peerman in one of the little booklets put out for one of the school anniversaries. Lesley

        Sent from my iPhone



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